Where the civilization of the western part of Italy began. Ischia (Pithecusa), is the place where it was founded the first Greek settlement in the ninth century BC and there is also an inactive volcano located in the area. The name derives from the Greek Phlegrean Fields (phlegraios – burning) and it is clear the reference to the volcanic nature of the area, for thousands of years of geological disasters, eruptions and bradisism have upset its nature which has constantly and often terribly changed. Have emerged and disappeared beaches, have formed new mountains, the hills are landslides, and the cities submerged. The Phlegraean Fields is a place full of history where there are small towns founded more than 2000 years ago that still exist and handed down ancient traditions. Cumae the first city founded on the mainland, by the Greeks in the eighth century. Very powerful city extended its dominion over the whole territory of Phlegrean and Neapolitan until Pozzuoli (Puteoli) assumed a major role in the Roman Empire. You can visit the ruins of the ancient city where you can admire the Temple of Zeus (Greek temple of the fourth century BC.), Temple of Apollo and in evidence there is the Sybil’s Cave, the legendary Sibyl was the priestess of Apollo. Baia located on the coast of the Gulf of Pozzuoli, was one of the most popular vacation spots for the Romans, the Roman city of Baia submerged due to bradyseismical event and now is protected in a marine park and it is possible to visit it by boat with glass bottom. The archaeological park of Baia is a small town formed by several buildings of different nature such as thermal baths, villas and four temples. In Baia there is the Aragonese Castle which also is home of the Archaeological Museum of the Phlegraean Fields and collect all the artifacts found during excavations in the Phlegraean Fields. The Locality of Misenum near the town of Bacoli, with its promontory, closes the Gulf of Pozzuoli in the position opposite to Capo Posillipo, was the naval base of the Roman fleet in the Tyrrhenian sea during the Augustan age also from the Roman period there is another remarkable testimony. The incredible Mirabilis Pool, enormous reservoir carved into the stone where fresh water was collected to supply the Roman ships. Pozzuoli is the main town of Phlegrean Fields, is the Roman city founded in the second century BC and built corresponding at the previous Greek settlement which in ancient time was the most important and powerful of Neapolis. It was a thriving commercial maritime city, fell into decline with the opening of the port of Ostia which took away part of trade, then with the fall of Rome and the bradyseisms became a fishing port. You can admire the ancient evidence as the Flavian Amphitheatre (the third in Italy), built in the late second century. B.C. could accommodate about 20000 people, the Temple of Serapis, so called thank to a statuette of the Egyptian god Serapis found in 700, but is the old Macellum included in the area port . Pozzuoli is characterized by the presence of the Solfatara which is a volcanic crater dating back to 4000 years ago and is characterized by the fumaroles and emissions of sulfur vapors.Natural event absolutely awesome is the formation of a hill in one night, it is called Monte Nuovo and is the youngest mountain in Europe, which was formed during the eruption of 29-30 September 1538. One of the ancient crater is now the nature reserve Astroni, some of them have become lakes such as Lake Averno mentioned by Homer and Virgil because it was considered the entrance to Hades kingdom of the underworld, the lake Fusaro where at its center there is a beautiful Casino Royal of Bourbon designed by Charles Vanvitelli and therefore known as Casina Vanvitelliana, and still others lakes. The hill of Posillipo is the headland that closes to the south sideof the Phlegraean Fields, is also the viewpoint from where you can admire the beautiful view of all the places mentioned, show unique beauty that has inspired great poets such as Virgil and Homer. Visit this area is a gift that everyone should do to themselves.