Herculaneum is one of the most important and ancient towns bordering Naples. Conquered first by Etruscans, Greeks, and finally by the Romans, in 89 BC, has become the Municipality of Rome.
Favored by a climate and a beautiful landscape, it was a resort for wealthy Romans and was always protected by powerful politicians close to the imperial family,
Cicero for example considered it one of most important city of the Campania region.
Under the rule of Caesar Augustus the city was restored but in 62 AD because of a violent earthquake destroyed almost everything and the city had to be completely rebuilt as the city of Pompeii.
Just when he started to live with its new buildings in 79 AD the volcano Vesuvius which was then believed to be inactive, with a massive eruption wipes out the city, like Pompeii, Stabiae, Oplontis.
Scholars and experts believe that the characteristics of the phenomena in Herculaneum during the eruption were very different compared to other places, the city was not immediately affected by the
eruption but dominated by a large glowing cloud consisting of fluid material, toxic gases and vapors high about 20 km and after a few hours, it starts to break down, releasing a vapor that
penetrates homes with toxic gases followed by volcanic material fluid that invaded every home, leaving intact objects and furnishings that were in them. The ancient city was forgotten for many centuries.
Only in 1709 during excavation works for the construction of a well in a monastery was found the theater of the ancient city of Herculaneum. The count of Elboeuf continued exploration of the monument,
removing statues, marble cladding, columns, inscriptions and bronzes, which were collected in the Royal Villa at Portici. In 1738, thanks to Charles of Bourbon, a regular dig began to unearth the ancient
city and was brought to light only 1/3 of the city because the lava material is exceptionally hard, but mostly because the rest remains under the new town of Resina.
In 1969 the city changed again the name by returning to its original name Herculaneum. Over the centuries Herculaneum has not lost its original characteristic being the resort placev for the rich and
aristocrats, so that there is a road called the Golden Mile, where you can find luxurious villas and luxurious palaces, today transformed in luxury hotels and cultural centers.
The combination of Herculaneum with the National Park of Vesuvius, of great historical, natural and geological nature, with wild and wonderful surroundings, makes this area unique.